Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary was a project established to care for orphaned chimpanzees that have been rescued by the Uganda Wildlife Authority from poachers and traders, with no chance of survival back to the wild.

Located 23 km offshore from Entebbe, Ngamba Island is 100 acres (approximately 40 hectares) near the equator in Lake Victoria, Uganda.

It supports a rich diversity of natural wildlife (over 120 species of bird, hippos, a crocodile, monitor lizards) and provides a variety of natural foods for the chimpanzees. The island is set up as an eco-friendly project with compost toilets, rainwater collection, proper waste management practices and solar energy (for electricity and hot water).

When young chimps first arrive on the island, they are not immediately mixed in with the adults. New comers need to be protected from the adults because chimpanzees will not instantly accept a stranger into their group. New arrivals are kept in a large cage and every day a few of the resident adult chimps are brought in to become acquainted with them.